Sunday, 23 April 2017   27. Rajab 1438

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Verse Of The Day
(Pharaoh) said: "If thou takest any god other than me, I will certainly put thee in prison!" 26:29

Madina: Some Significant Columns in the Prophet's Mosque

The Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam was buried adjacent to the original masjid. During the time of Umar and Usman, due to the increase in people, a southern extension was made with a gate, Baab us Salaam, the Gate of Peace, to allow people to visit the Prophet’s grave more easily. Visitors today will come through the southern extension and give their salutations to the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam. His two companions, Abu Bakr and Umar are buried next to the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam so the visitor moves slightly to the right to pay their respect to these two companions (may Allah be pleased with them).

During the lifetime of the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam he described an area in the masjid between his house, which is the noble chamber today and his pulpit. Between these two lies an area known as rawdah which the prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam described as the garden from the Gardens of Paradise, a place of immense blessing and reward. The most well known opinion is that this area is the area demarcated today by the green carpet between the mimbar and the noble chamber. Other definitions suggest rawdah may be greater than this area while other suggests it may be smaller confined to the area demarcated with columns with a vertical red trim as seen here.

In rawdah ar ustawana, columns that corresponds to the original date palm trees trunks that supported the masjid at the time of the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam. Some of these columns have important historical significance. These columns are known according to the green signs placed on them. The first being the Column of the Bed, which is the place where the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam used to rest on a mat during his spiritual retreat in the month of Ramadan. In the month of Ramadan the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam will also pray at a certain location, praying the tahajjud prayer behind the house of his daughter Fatima which is also near the area where Ahlus-Suffah, the people of the bench, the poor companions used to stay.

Next to the Column of the bed is the Column of the Guard. During the times when Muslims feared being invaded some of the companions including Sayyidina Ali and Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqas used to stay on guarding the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam at this location. Divine revelation later informed the Muslims that Allah will protect the Prophet SallAllahu alayhi wassalam and there was no need for any guard.

The next column over is the Column of the Delegations. Here the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam would receive and meet the delegations from the tribes from all over Arabia.  

Moving back to the Column of the Bed and then to the right is another column called Column of Abu Lubaba. This column marks the spot where the companion Abu Lubaba, after committing a sin in his diplomatic mission with Banu Quraidah, chained himself. He pledged that he would not leave the column until Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala had forgiven him. After a number of days divine revelation came to the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam indicating that Abu Lubaba was forgiven and he unchained himself. Since it was his repentance that freed him both spiritually and physically the column is also called the Column of Repentance.  

Next to the Column of Repentance is the column known as the Column of Ayesha named after the wife of the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam. After the death of the Prophet, Ayesha, considered amongst the greatest of scholars and authorities in Islam, said that in the mosque was a column that had such blessings that if the people knew of it they would draw lots to pray over there. When her nephew, Abdullah bin Zubayr (radi Allahu unhu) was seen praying here afterwards the location of the column was confirmed. Many of the companions of the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam used to pray here.

During the time of the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam, when the direction of prayer was changed from Jerusalem to Makkah the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam led the prayer at the Column of Ayesha for several weeks. He then proceeded forward to pray at the location of the Perfumed Column and led the prayer here for a short time before moving to the permanent prayer niche the Mihrab Nabawi just to the left. The Perfumed Column is also the location by some accounts of the palm tree trunk that the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam used to lean on as he delivered his sermon. The companions later built an actual pulpit for the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam where the pulpit is today. When the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam began using the new pulpit the tree trunk he used to lean on began to whimper and weep so much so that the entire congregation in the mosque could hear it. The tree trunk did not stop its weeping until the Prophet sallAllahu alayhi wassalam placed his hand on it to comfort it.

One of the leading scholars of early generations of Muslims, Hasan al-Basri, would comment on this event and called the people and say: ‘O people! The tree trunk, the piece of wood yearned and wept for the Prophet longing for him you are the ones who should really yearn and long to meet him sallAllahu alayhi wassalam.

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